Reference sources used for topic Athletic Mouthguards.

Topic created: January, 2006
Last revision / evaluation: 08/15/16 authorship information.


Academy for Sports Dentistry. Position Statements. Accessed October 2014.

Canadian Dental Hygienists Association. CDHA position paper on sports mouthguards: Putting more bite into injury prevention. Canadian Jour. Dent. Hygiene. Vol 39, Num 6. November-December, 2005.

Cummins, N and Spears, I. The effect of mouthguard design on stresses in the tooth-bone complex. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Vol. 4, Num. 6. June, 2002.

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

Knowlton R, et. al. Sports-Related Dental Injuries and Sports Dentistry. Last revision May 1, 2014. Accessed October 2014.

Krachner CM. Current Concepts in Preventive Dentistry. Continuing Education Course. Last revised February 29, 2016.

Kumamoto, DP. Sports Dentistry at the State Level. J. Am. Dental. Assoc. Vol. 127, No. 6. June 1996.

Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.

Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.

Soporowski, NJ Survey of Orofacial Sports-Related Injuries. J Mass Dent Soc. Fall 1994.

Vastardis, P. Athletic Mouthguards: Indications, Types, and Benefits. Dentistry Today. Vol 24, Num. 12. December, 2005.