Reference sources used for topic Bad Breath.

Topic created: October, 2000
Last revision / evaluation: 07/10/2016 authorship information.


Ayad F, et. al. A Comparative Investigation to Evaluate the Clinical Efficacy of an Alcohol-Free CPC-Containing Mouthwash as Compared to a Control Mouthwash in Controlling Dental Plaque and Gingivitis: A Six-Month Clinical Study on Adults in San Jose, Costa Rica. J. Clin. Dent. Vol. 22, Special Issue. 2011

Aylikci BU, et. al. Halitosis: From diagnosis to management. J Nat Sci Biol Med. Vol. 4, No. 1. Jan­Jun 2013.

Bartold M. Update on Breath malodor. Decisions in Dentistry. Vol. 2, No. 2. February 2016.

Bernie, Kristy : The Causes and Management of Oral Malodor. Dentistry Today. Vol. 21, No. 2. 2002.

Blom T, et. al. The effect of mouthrinses on oral malodor: a systematic review. Int. J. Dent. Hygiene. Vol. 10. 2012

Calil CM, et. al. Effects of stress hormones on the production of volatile sulfur compounds by periodontopathogenic bacteria. Braz. Oral Res. Vol. 28, No. 1. 2014

Cortelli JR, et. al. Halitosis: A review of associated factors and therapeutic approach. Braz. Oral Res. Vol. 22, Special issue no. 1. 2008

Dadamio J, et. al. Efficacy of different mouthrinse formulations in reducing oral malodour: a randomized clinical trial. J. Clin. Periodontol. Vol. 40, No. 5. May 2013.

Danser MM, et. al. Tongue coating and tongue brushing: a literature review. Int J Dent Hygiene Vol. 1. August 2003.

Fedorowicz Z, et. al. Mouthrinses for the treatment of halitosis (Review). The Cochrane Library. Issue 4. 2008

Frascella, John : Odor Reduction Potential of a Chlorine Dioxide Mouthrinse. Journal of Clinical Dentistry. Vol. 9,No. 2. 1998.

Frascella, John : Efficacy of a Chlorine Dioxide Containing Mouthrinse in Oral Malodor. Compendium. Vol. 21, No. 3. 2000.

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

Hughes P. Therapeutic Mouthrinsing: An effective component to oral hygiene. Continuing Education Course. Last revised October 20, 2015.

Kameyama T. Experimentally induced tongue cancer by application of 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide. J. Jpn. Stomatol. Soc. Vol. 18. 1969.

Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.

Lenton, P. et. al. Counseling and Treating Bad Breath Patients: A Step-By-Step Approach. Last revised 8/3/2012. Accessed 10/2/2014.

Loesche, Walter : The effects of antimicrobial mouthrinses on oral malodor and their status relative to US Food and Drug Administration regulations. Quintessence International. Vol. 30, No.5. 1999.

Lourith N, et. al. Oral malodour and active ingredients for treatment. Int. J. Cosmet. Sci. Vol. 32, No. 5. October 2010

Malcmacher, Louis : A New Protocol for Halitosis Treatment. Dentistry Today. Vol.19, No.19. 2000.

Odajima T, et. al. Effect of frequent application of carcinogen upon lingual carcinogenesis experiment. J. Jpn. Stomatol. Soc. Vol. 25. 1979.

Oeding, Mary : Bad Breath. Foundations In Continuing Education. 2000.

Outhouse TL, et. al. Tongue scraping for treating halitosis. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. Issue 19. April 2006.

Outhouse TL, et. al. Tongue scraping for treating halitosis (Review). The Cochrane Library. Issue 4. 2008

Pham TA, et. al. Clinical trial of oral malodor treatment in patients with periodontal diseases. J Periodontal Res. Vol. 46, No. 6. December 2011.

Pray, W. Steven : Consult Your Pharmacist - Afraid to Exhale? Help for Halitosis. U.S. Pharmacist 24(5), 1999.

Prevention Magazine Editors. The Doctors Book of Home Remedies, Revised Edition. Bantam, 2003.

Quirynen M, et. al. Characteristics of 2000 patients who visited a halitosis clinic. J. Clin. Periodontol. Vol. 36, No. 11. November 2009.

Roldan S, et. al. The effects of a new mouthrinse containing chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium chloride and zinc lactate on the microflora of oral halitosis patients: a dual-centre, double-blind placebo-controlled study. J. Clin. Periodont. Vol. 30, No. 5. May 2003

Rosenberg, Mel : Clinical Assessment of Bad Breath: Current Concepts. Journal of the American Dental Association. 127, 1996.

Rosing CK, et. al. Effect of chewing gums on the production of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in vivo. Acta Odontol. Latinam. Vol. 22, No. 1. 2009

Rosing CK, et. al. Halitosis: An overview of epidemiology, etiology and clinical management. Braz. Oral Res. Vol. 25, No.5. Sep - Oct 2011

Sanz, M. et al.: Fundamentals of Breath Malodour. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. Vol. 2, No. 4. November 2001.

Sharma NC, et. al. Clinical effectiveness of a dentifrice containing triclosan and a copolymer for controlling breath odor. Am. J. Dent. Vol. 20, No. 2. April 2007.

Silwood, C.J. : A multifactorial investigation of the ability of oral health care products to alleviate oral malodour. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. Vol. 28, No. 7. 2001

Slot DE, et. al. Treatment of oral malodour. Medium-term efficacy of mechanical and/or chemical agents: a systematic review. J. Clin. Periodontol. Suppl. 16. April 2015.

Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.

Stay, Fora Parsa. The Complete Book of Dental Remedies. Avery Publishing Group. (c)1996

Suzuki N, et. al. Relationship Between Oral Malodor and Oral Microbiota, Oral Health Care - Prosthodontics, Periodontology, Biology, Research and Systemic Conditions, Prof. Mandeep Virdi (Ed.). InTech (c)2012.

Vazquez J, et. al. Clinical efficacy of a triclosan/copolymer/NaF dentifrice and a commercially available breath-freshening dentifrice on hydrogen sulfide-forming bacteria. Oral Disease. Vol. 11, Supplement 1. 2005

Washio J, et. al. Hydrogen sulfide-producing bacteria in tongue biofilm and their relationship with oral malodour. J Medical Microbiology. Vol. 54. 2005.

Yaegaki K, et. al. Examination, Classification, and Treatment of Halitosis; Clinical Perspectives. J Can Dent Assoc. Vol. 66. 2000

Zurcher A, et. al. Diagnosis, Prevalence, and Treatment of Halitosis. Curr Oral Health Rep. 2014. Accessed 6/24/2015.


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