Reference sources used for topic Teeth Whitening Strips.

Topic originally created June 2004. authorship information.


Bizhang, M., et. al. Comparative clinical study of the effectiveness of three different bleaching methods. Oper Dentistry. Vol. 43, No. 6. November-December, 2009.

Carey CM. Tooth Whitening: What We Now Know. J. Evid. Basesed Dent. Pract. Vol. 14, Suppl. June 2014.

Collins, M. Over-the-Counter Bleaching. Dimensions of Dental Hygiene. September, 2003. (Pages 30-33)

Da Costa, J. Comparison of Two At-home Whitening Products of Similar Peroxide Concentration and Different Delivery Methods Operative Dentistry, March 21, 2012.

Dawes C, et. al. The functions of human saliva. Arch. Oral Bio. Vol 60. 2015

Del Real Garcia JF, et al. In vivo evaluation of the genotoxicity and oxidative damage in individuals exposed to 10% hydrogen peroxide whitening strips. Clin. Oral Investig. Vol. 23, No. 9. July 2019.

Donly, K. The Adolescent Patient: Special Whitening Challenges. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, Vol 24, Number 4A. April 2003.

Duschner, H., et. al. Effects of hydrogen peroxide bleaching strips on tooth surface color, surface microhardness, surface and subsurface ultrastructure, and microchemical (Raman spectroscopic) composition. J Clinical Dentistry. Vol.17, No.3. 2006.

Ferrari, M., et. al. Daytime use of a custom bleaching tray or whitening strips: initial and sustained color improvement. Am J Dentistry. Vol.20, Spec No A:19A-22A. September, 2007.

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

García-Godoy F, et al. Placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical trial on the safety and efficacy of a low-gel, 14% hydrogen-peroxide whitening strip. Compend. Contin. Ed. Dent. Vol. 25, No. 8, Suppl. 2. August 2004.

Gerlach RW, Gibb RD, and Sagel PA. A randomized clinical trial comparing a novel 5.3% hydrogen peroxide whitening strip to 10%, 15%, and 20% carbamide peroxide tray-based bleaching systems. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry. Vol 21, Supplement 29. June, 2000.

Gerlach RW, et al. Vital bleaching with whitening strips: summary of clinical research on effectiveness and tolerability. J. Contemp. Dent. Pract. Vol. 2, No. 3. August 2001.

Gerlach, R. and Sagel, P. Vital bleaching with a thin peroxide gel: the safety and efficacy of a professional-strength hydrogen peroxide whitening strip. Journal of the American Dental Association. Vol 135. January, 2004.

Gerlach RW, et al. Professional vital bleaching using a thin and concentrated peroxide gel on whitening strips: an integrated clinical summary. J. Contemp. Dent. Pract. Vol. 5, No. 1. 2004

Gerlach, R., et. al. Clinical response of three direct-to-consumer whitening products: strips, paint-on gel, and dentifrice. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry. Vol. 24, No. 6. June, 2003.

Gokay O, et al. Peroxide penetration into the pulp from whitening strips. J. Endod. Vol. 30, No. 12. Dec. 2004.

Gotz H, et. al. Effects of elevated hydrogen peroxide 'strip' bleaching on surface and subsurface enamel including subsurface histomorphology, micro-chemical composition and fluorescence changes. J Dent. Vol. 35, No. 6. June 2007.

Hannig, C., et. al. Efficacy and tolerability of two home bleaching systems having different peroxide delivery. Clinical Oral Investigations. Vol. 11, No. 4. December, 2007.

Karpinia KA, Magnusson I, Sagel PA, Zhou X, and Gerlach RW. Vital bleaching with two at-home professional systems. Am. J. Dentistry. Vol 15. September, 2002.

Kugel, G. Over-the-counter Tooth Whitening Systems. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, Special issue: Tooth Whitening. Vol 24, Number 4A. April 2003.

Kwon SR, et al. Review of the Mechanism of Tooth Whitening. J. Esthet. Restor. Dent. Vol. 27, No. 5. September-October 2015.

Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.

Monteiro D, et al. Evaluation of the effect of different enamel surface treatments and waiting times on the staining prevention after bleaching. J. Clin. Exp. Dent. Vol. 9, No. 5. 2017

Munoz-Viveros, C. Tooth Whitening - Expert Roundup. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, Special issue: Tooth Whitening. Vol 24, Number 4A. April 2003.

Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.

Swift E J, et al. Effects of duration of whitening strip treatment on tooth color: A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J. Dent. Vol. 37. 2009

White DJ, et al. Effects of Crest Whitestrips bleaching on surface morphology and fracture susceptibility of teeth in vitro. Journal of Clinical Dentistry. Vol 14, No. 4. 2003.

White DJ, et. al. Peroxide interactions with hard tissues: Effects on surface hardness and surface/subsurface ultrastructural properties. Compend. Cont. Educ. Vol. 23. January 2002.

Xu X, et. al. Randomized clinical trial comparing whitening strips, paint-on gel and negative control. Am. J. Dent. Vol.20, Spec No A. September 2007.

Yudhira R, et al. Clinical trial of tooth whitening with 6% hydrogen peroxide whitening strips and two whitening dentifrices. Am J Dentistry. Vol.20, Spec No A. September, 2007.