Reference sources used for Dental Braces topics.
Lingual Braces - Topic created January 2009. Last revision/evaluation 08/25/2014.
The Invisalign® system - Topic created May 2008. Last revision/evaluation 03/28/2017.
Ceramic Braces - Topic created February 2009. Last revision/evaluation 04/13/2015.
Animated-Teeth.com authorship information.
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Boyd RL. Esthetic Orthodontic Treatment Using the Invisalign Appliance for Moderate to Complex Malocclusions. J. Dent. Ed. Vol.72, No. 8. August 2008
Caniklioglu, C. Patient discomfort: a comparison between lingual and labial fixed appliances. Angle Orthod. Vol. 75, No. 1. Jan. 2005.
Chang CS, et. al. An assessment of the effectiveness of mechanical and chemical cleaning of Essix orthodontic retainer. J Orthod. Vol. 41, No. 2. June 2014.
Chenin, D. et al. Orthodontic treatment with a series of removable appliances. J Am Dental Assoc. Vol. 134, No. 9. 2003.
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Full menu for topic Dental Braces -
- Types of braces/orthodontic systems.
- Dental braces costs (by type). / Insurace coverage.
- Removable aligner systems - (Invisalign®, ClearCorrect®, Simpli 5®)
- Standard Invisalign® -
- Wearing Invisalign® -
- Similar products -
- Standard Invisalign® -
- Lingual braces systems - (Incognito®, iBraces®, In-Ovation® L, Harmony®)
- Conventional braces. - (Bracket and wire appliances.)
- Orthodontic retainers. - (Permanent / Removable: Hawley, Essix, Vivera®)