Reference sources used for Dental Braces topics.

Lingual Braces - Topic created January 2009.   Last revision/evaluation 08/25/2014.
The Invisalign® system - Topic created May 2008.   Last revision/evaluation 03/28/2017.
Ceramic Braces - Topic created February 2009.   Last revision/evaluation 04/13/2015.

Animated-Teeth.com authorship information.

References

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Boyd RL. Esthetic Orthodontic Treatment Using the Invisalign Appliance for Moderate to Complex Malocclusions. J. Dent. Ed. Vol.72, No. 8. August 2008

Caniklioglu, C. Patient discomfort: a comparison between lingual and labial fixed appliances. Angle Orthod. Vol. 75, No. 1. Jan. 2005.

Chang CS, et. al. An assessment of the effectiveness of mechanical and chemical cleaning of Essix orthodontic retainer. J Orthod. Vol. 41, No. 2. June 2014.

Chenin, D. et al. Orthodontic treatment with a series of removable appliances. J Am Dental Assoc. Vol. 134, No. 9. 2003.

Cordeiro de Oliveria S, et. al. Impact of brackets on smile esthetics: Laypersons and orthodontists perceptions. Dental Press J. Orthod. Vol. 17, No. 5. Sept-Oct 2012.

Djeu, G. Outcome assessment of Invisalign and tradtional orthodontic treatment compared with the American Board of Orthodontics objecive grading system. Am J of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. Vol. 128, No. 3. September, 2005.

Echarri P. Revisiting the history of lingual orthodontics: a basis for the future. Semin Orthod. Vol. 12. 2006.

Feu D, et. al. Esthetic perception and economic value of orthodontic appliances by lay Brazilian adults. Dental Press J. of Orthod. Vol. 17, No. 5. Sept-Oct 2012.

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

Giancotti, A. et al. Extraction treatment using Invisalign ® technique. Prog Orthod. Vol. 7, No. 1. 2006.

Heier EE, et. al. Periodontal implications of bonded versus removable retainers. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol. 112, No. 6. Dec. 1997

Jeremiah HG, et. al. Social perceptions of adults wearing orthodontic appliances: a cross-sectional study. Eur J Orthod. Vol. 33, No. 5. Oct. 2011.

Joffe, L. Invisalign: early experiences. J of Orthodontics. Vol. 30, No. 4. December, 2003

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Valiathan M, et. al. Results of a survey-based study to identify common retention practices in the United States. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol. 137, No. 2. Feb. 2010

Wan J, et. al. Speech effects of Hawley and vacuum-formed retainers by acoustic analysis: A single-center randomized controlled trial. Angle Orthod. Vol. 87, No 2. March 2017.

Zachrisson, B. Dental health assessed more than 10 years after interproximal enamel reduction of mandibular anterior teeth. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol. 131, No. 2. February 2007.

 

 


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