Reference sources used for topic Wisdom Teeth.

Topic created: September, 2000
Last revision / evaluation: 12/9/16 authorship information.


Almpani K, et. al. Role of third molars in orthodontics. World J. of Clin. Cases. Vol. 3, Issue. 2. Feburary 2015.

Antanas S, et. al. Effect of the lower third molars on the lower dental arch crowding. Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal. Vol. 8. 2006

Assaf HM, et. al. Sedation in the Dental Office: An Overview. Continuing Education Course. Last revised January 5, 2015.

Beeman, Cynthia : Third Molar Management: A Case for Routine Removal in Adolescent and Young Adult Orthodontic Patients. J Oral Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol 57. 1999.

Blondeau, F. et. al. Extraction of impacted mandibular third molars: postoperative complications and their risk factors. J Can Dent Assoc. Vol. 73, Num. 4. May 2007.

Boughner J. Maintaining Perspective on Third Molar Extraction. J. Can. Dent. Assoc. Vol. 79, No. 6. 2013.

Bui, CH. et. al. Types, Frequencies, and Risk Factors for Complications After Third Molar Extraction J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 61. 2003.

Chiapasco, M. et. al. Germectomy or delayed removal of mandibular impacted third molars: the relationship between age and incidence of complications. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 53, No. 4. April 1995.

Chu F. et al. Prevalence of impacted teeth and associated pathologies--a radiographic study of the Hong Kong Chinese population. Hong Kong Med J. Vol. 9, No. 3. June 2003.

Chuang, SK. et. al. Risk factors for inflammatory complications following third molar surgery in adults. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 66, No. 11. November 2008.

Chiapasco, M., Crescentini, M., Romanoni, G. Germectomy or Delayed Removal of Mandibular Impacted Third Molars. J. Oral Maxillofacial Surgery. Volume 53. 1995.

Costa MG, et. al. Is there justification for prophylactic extraction of third molars? A systematic review. Brazil Oral Res. Vol. 27. Issue 2. Mar-Apr 2013.

Faculty of Dental Surgery of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. Current Clinical Practice and Parameters of Care. The Management of Patients with Third Molar (syn:Wisdom) Teeth. London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England. September, 1997.

Fagade OO, et. al. Intra-operative pain perception in tooth extraction – possible causes. International Dental Journal. Vol. 55. 2005

Fisher E. et al. Third molar caries experience in middle-aged and older Americans: a prevalence study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 68, No. 3. March 2010.

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

Friedman J. The prophylactic extraction of third molars: a public health hazard. Am J Public Health. Vol. 97, No. 9. September 2007.

Hattab, F. Positional changes and eruption of impacted mandibular third molars in young adults. A radiographic 4-year follow-up study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. Vol. 84, No. 6. December 1997.

Haug, R. et. al. The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Age-Related Third Molar Study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 63, No. 8. August 2005.

Haq Z. A survey of reasons for surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar in armed forces personnel at Afid, Rawalpindi. Pakistan Oral & Dent. Vol. 22, No. 2. December 2002.

Hicks, E. Preston. Third Molar Management: A Case Against Routine Removal in Adolescent and Young Adult Orthodontic Patients. J Oral Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol 57. 1999.

Karasawa L., et. al. Cross-sectional study of correlation between mandibular incisor crowding and third molars in young Brazilians. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. Vol. 18, No. 3. May 2013.

Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.

Linden W. et al. Diseases and lesions associated with third molars. Review of 1001 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. Vol. 79, No. 2. February 1995.

Malkawi Z, et. al. Risk Indicators of Postoperative Complications following Surgical Extraction of Lower Third Molars. Medical Principles Pract. Vol. 20. 2011

Mehra, P. et. al. Surgical Removal of Impacted Third Molars. Dentistry Today. Vol. 26, No. 3. March 2007.

Mettes TG, et. al. Surgical removal versus retention for the management of asymptomatic impacted wisdom teeth (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Vol. 13, No. 6. June 2012.

Pogrel, MA. et. al. American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons White Paper on Third Molar Data. March 2007.

Queral-Godoy, E. et. al. Incidence and evolution of inferior alveolar nerve lesions following lower third molar extraction. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. Vol. 99, No. 3. March 2005.

Rajasuo, A., Murtomaa, H., and Meurman, J. Comparison of the clinical status of third molars in young men in 1949 and 1990. Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral pathology. Vol. 76, No. 6. 1993.

Shugars DA, et. al. Occlusal caries experience in patients with asymptomatic third molars. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Vol. 62, No.8. August 2004.

Smith M, et. al. Nerve injuries after Dental Injection: A review of the literature. J. Canadian Dent. Assoc. Vol. 72, No. 6. July/Aug 2006

Song F, et. al. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prophylactic removal of wisdom teeth. Health Technol. Assess. Vol. 4, Issue 15. 2000

Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.

Stanaityte R, et. al. Do wisdom teeth induce lower anterior teeth crowding? A systematic literature review. Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial J. Vol. 16. 2014

Tickle M, et. al. Predictors of pain associated with routine procedures performed in general dental practice. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol. Vol. 40, No. 4. August 2012



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