Reference sources used for topic Tooth Extractions.

Topic initially created: September 2000 authorship information.


Ahel V, et. al. Forces that fracture teeth during extraction with mandibularpremolar and maxillary incisor forceps. Br. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2015

Aminabadi NA, et. al. Site-specificity of pain sensitivity to intraoral anesthetic injections in children. J Oral Sci. Vol. 51, No. 2. June 2009

Annibali S, et al. Local complications in dental implant surgery: prevention and treatment. Oral Implantol. Vol. 1, No. 1. April-June 2008.

Asarch T, et. al. Efficacy of a computerized local anesthesia device in pediatric dentistry. Pediatr Dent. Vol. 21, No 7. 1999

Atterbury RA, et al. Removal of sutures following oral surgery. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Path. Vol. 14, Iss. 6. June 1961.

Balshi, T. A Patient's Guide to Dental Implants. Addicus Books. Copyright 2003.

Bataineh AB, et. al. Patient’s pain perception during mandibular molar extraction with articaine: a comparison study between infiltration and inferior alveolar nerve block. Clin. Oral Invest. January 21, 2016

Becker DE, et. al. Essentials of Local Anesthetic Pharm. Anesth. Prog. Vol 53, No. 3. Fall 2006

Bello SA, et al. Effect of age, impaction types and operative time on inflammatory tissue reactions following lower third molar surgery. Head and Face Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 8. 2011

Brown AR, et al. Bacteremia and intraoral suture removal: Can an antimicrobia rinse help? J. Am. Dent. Assoc. Vol. 129, No. 10. October 1998.

Brownbill JW, et. al. Comparison of inferior dental nerve block injections in child patients using 30-gauge and 25-gauge short needles. Anesth. Prog. Vol. 34, No. 6. Nov-Dec 1987

Cohen N, et. al. Healing processes following tooth extraction in orthodontic cases. J. Dentofacial Anom. Orthod. Vol 17. 2014

Comerci A, et. al. Effect of a new local anesthetic buffering device on pain reduction during nerve block injections. Gen. Dent. Vol. 63, No. 6. Nov-Dec 2015.

de Santana-Santos T, et al. Prediction of postoperative facial swelling, pain and trismus following third molar surgery based on preoperative variables. Med. Oral Patol. Oral Cir. Bucal. Vol. 18, No. 1. January 2013

Davoudi A, et. al. A brief review on the efficacy of different possible and nonpharmacological techniques in eliminating discomfort of local anesthesia injection during dental procedures. Anesth. Essays Res. Vol 10, No. 1. Jan-Apr 2016

Dowd, F. Review for the NBDE, Part 2. Mosby Elsevier. Copyright 2007.

Dunn DL. Wound closure manual. Ethicon Inc. 2005

Early TE. Complications With Extractions. AAEP Proceedings. Vol 58. 2012

Elbay US, et. al. Effects of Two Different Anesthetic Solutions on Injection Pain, Efficacy, and Duration of Soft-Tissue Anesthesia with Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block for Primary Molars. J. Clin. Pediatr. Dent. Vol 40, No. 6. 2016

Fagade OO, et. al. Intra-operative pain perception in tooth extraction – possible causes. International Dental Journal. Vol. 55. 2005

Farah CS, et. al. Oral ulceration with bone sequestration. Australian Dental Journal. Vol. 48. 2003

Farina RT, et al. Wound healing of extraction sockets. Endodontic Topics. Vol. 25. 2011

Flanagan T, et. al. Size doesn't matter: needle gauge and injection pain. Gen Dent. Vol. 55, No. 3. May-Jun 2007

Fragiskos FD. Oral Surgery. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.

Friedman MJ, Using AMSA and P-ASA nerve blocks for aesthetic restorative dentistry. Gen Dent. Vol. 49. 2001

Fuller NP, et. al. Perception of pain to three different intraoral penetrations of needles. J Am Dent Assoc. Vol. 99, No. 5. Nov 1979

Grace EG, et. al. Computerized local dental anesthetic systems: patient and dentist satisfaction. J Dent. Vol. 31. 2003

Gulnahar Y, et al. Effect of preemptive intravenous ibuprofen on postoperative edema and trismus in third molar tooth extraction: A randomized controlled study. J Dent Anesth Pain Med. Vol. 18, No. 3. June 2018.

Hu ML, et. al. Development of an oral and maxillofacial surgery outcomes system for anesthesia and third molar removal: Results of alpha and beta testing. J. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 59, Issue 5. May 2001.

Hupp J, et al. Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 6th edition. Elsevier/Mosby. 2014

Hupp JR. Guide to suturing with sections on diagnosing oral lesions and post-operative medications. J. Oral Maxillofacial Surg. Vol. 73, Sup. 1. August 2015.

Javed F., et al. Tissue Reactions to Various Suture Materials Used in Oral Surgical Interventions. ISRN Dent. 2012

Kammerer PW, et. al. Comparison of 4% articaine with epinephrine (1:100,000) and without epinephrine in inferior alveolar block for tooth extraction: double-blind randomized clinical trial of anesthetic efficacy. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol. Vol. 113. 2012

Kanaa MD, et. al. A Prospective Randomized Trial of Different Supplementary Local Anesthetic Techniques after Failure of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block in Patients with Irreversible Pulpitis in Mandibular Teeth. J. Endodontics. Vol. 38. 2012

Kaufman E, et. al. A Survey of Pain, Pressure, and Discomfort Induced by Commonly Used Oral Local Anesthesia Injections. Anesth Prog. Vol. 52, No. 4. Winter 2005

Koerner KR. Manual of Minor Oral Surgery for the General Dentist. Blackwell Munksgaard. 2006

Kudo, M. Initial Injection Pressure for Dental Local Anesthesia: Effects on Pain and Anxiety. Anesth Prog. Vol. 52, No. 3. Fall 2005

Kurtzman G, et al. Suturing for surgical success. Dentistry Today ( October 1, 2005.

Kwak E, et. al. Computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery for painless anesthesia: a literature review. J. Dent. Anesth. Pain Med. Vol. 16, No. 2. 2016

Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.

Liu FC, et. al. Effect of Warm Lidocaine on the Sensory Onset of Epidural Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial. Chang Gung Med. J. Vol. 32, No. 6. Nov-Dec 2009

Lodi G, et. al. Antibiotics to prevent complications following tooth extractions. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. November 14, 2012.

Lopes V, et al. Third molar surgery: an audit of the indications for surgery, post-operative
complaints and patient satisfaction. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 33. 1995

Malamed SF, et al. Needle breakage: incidence and prevention. Dent. Clin. N. Am. Vol. 54. 2010

Malamed S. Buffering local anesthetics in dentistry. The Pulse. Vol. 44, No. 1. 2011

Malamed S, et. al. Faster onset and more comfortable injection with alkalinized 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 1:100,000. Compend. Contin. Educ. Dent. Vol. 34, Sec. No. 1. Febuary 2013.

Managutti A, et. al. Comparative Analysis of Local Anesthesia with 2 Different Concentrations of Adrenaline: A Randomized and Single Blind Study. J. Int. Oral Health. Vol 7, No. 3. March 2015.

Martin MD, et. al. Topical anesthesia: differentiating the pharmacological and psychological contributions to efficacy. Anesth Prog. Vol. 41, No. 2 1994

Meechan JG, et. al. Factors influencing the discomfort of intraoral needle penetration. Anesth Prog. Vol. 52. 2005

Meechan JG, et. al. The use of patient controlled transcutaneous electronic nerve stimulation (TENS) to decrease the discomfort of regional anesthesia in dentistry: a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Dent. Vol. 26. 1998

Meredith, Michael. Herbal Nutriceuticals: A Primer for Dentists and Dental Hygienists. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice. Spring 2001. Volume 2, Number 2.

McGill University Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. Surgical Teeth Extractions Post-Operative Instructions.

Modi M. Critical evaluation of suture materials and suturing techniques in implant dentistry. Int. J. Clin. Implant Dent. May-August 2009

Motamedi MHK. A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. IntechOpen. 2013

Nagasawa I, et. al. Relationship between the injection rate of infiltration anesthesia and the painful sensation. J Jpn Dent Soc Anesthesiol. Vol 31. 2003

Nakanishi O, et. al. Efficacy of mandibular topical anesthesia varies with the site of administration. Anesth Prog. Vol. 43. 1996

Nusstein J, et. al. Injection pain and postinjection pain of the anterior middle superior alveolar injection administered with the Wand or conventional syringe. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. Vol. 98, No. 1. July 2004

Nusstein J, et al. Local Anesthesia Strategies for the Patient With a "Hot" Tooth. Dental Clinics N. America. Vol. 54. 2010

Nusstein J, et. al. Effectiveness of 20% benzocaine as a topical anesthetic for intraoral injections. Anesth Prog. Vol. 50. 2003

O’Connor N, et. al. Incidence of deep fascial space infections following lower third molar removal. Oral Surgery. Vol. 11. 2018

Okawa K, et. al. Anxiety may enhance pain during dental treatment. Bull. Tokyo Dent. Coll. Vol. 46, No. 3. 2005

Pagni G, et. al. Postextraction Alveolar Ridge Preservation: Biological Basis and Treatments. Int. J. Dent. Vol. 2012.

Pashley EL, et. al. Pressures created by dental injections. J Dent Res. Vol. 60, No. 10. Oct 1981

Pippi R. Post-Surgical Clinical Monitoring of Soft Tissue Wound Healing in Periodontal and Implant Surgery. Int. J. Med. Sci. Vol. 14, No. 8. July 2017

Politis C, et. al. Wound Healing Problems in the Mouth. Front. Physiol. Vol. 7. 2016

Primosch RE, et. al. Influence of anesthetic flow rate delivered by the Wand Local Anesthetic System on pain response to palatal injections. Am J Dent. Vol. 15. 2002

Rahn AO, et al. Textbook of Complete Dentures. 6th edition. People's Medical Publishing House. Connecticut. 2009

Ram D, et. al. The assessment of pain sensation during local anesthesia using a computerized local anesthesia (Wand) and a conventional syringe. J Dent Child (Chic). Vol 70, No. 2. May-Aug 2003

Rousseau WH, et. al. A Comparison of Pain Levels During Pulpectomy, Extractions, and Restorative Procedures. J. Endodontics. Vol. 28, No. 2. February 2002.

Rout PG, et. al. An investigation of the effect on 27 gauge needle tips following a single local anaesthetic injection. Dent Update. Vol. 30. 2003

Schropp L, et. al. Bone Healing and Soft Tissue Contour Changes Following Single-Tooth Extraction: A Clinical and Radiographic 12-Month Prospective Study. Int. J. Perio. Rest. Dent. Vol. 23, No. 4. 2003

Schwartz S. Local Anesthesia in Pediatric Dentistry. Continuing Education Course. Last revised March 26, 2015.

Shah M, et. al. A clinical comparison of pain perception and extent of area anesthetized by Wand® and a traditional syringe. J Indian Soc Periodontol. Vol 16, No. 2. Apr-Jun 2012

Sigron GR, et. al. The most common complications after wisdom-tooth removal. Swiss Dental Journal. Vol. 124. October 2014.

Singh P. An emphasis on the wide usage and important role of local anesthesia in dentistry: A strategic review. Dent. Res. J. Vol. 9, Issue 2. March 2012

Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.

Sortinol F, et al. Strategies used to inhibit postoperative swelling following removal of impacted lower third molar. Dent. Res. J. Vol. 8, No. 4. Oct-Dec 2011.

Susarla SM, et al. Third molar surgery and associated complications. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. Vol. 15, No. 2. May 2003

Tickle M, et. al. Predictors of pain associated with routine procedures performed in general dental practice. Community Dent. Oral Epidemiol. Vol. 40, No. 4. August 2012

University of Michigan Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. Tooth Extraction Post-Operative Instructions.

University of Rochester Eastman Institute for Oral Health. Postoperative instructions following dental extraction surgery.

University of Washington Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. After your oral surgery.

Van der Weijden F, et. al. Alveolar bone dimensional changes of post-extraction sockets in humans: a systematic review. J. Clin. Periodontol. Vol. 36. 2009

van Wijk AJ, et. al. Anxiety and pain during dental injections. J Dent. Vol. 37, No. 9. Sept 2009

van Wijk AJ, et. al. Pain related to mandibular block injections and its relationship with anxiety and previous experiences with dental anesthetics. Oral and Max. Surgery. Vol. 114, No. 5S. Nov 2012

Walker C, et. al. Evaluation of Healing at Molar Extraction Sites With and Without Ridge Preservation: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J. Perio. Vol. 88, No. 3. March 2017.

Werfully S, et al. Tensile strength, histological and immunohistochemical observations of periodontal wound healing in the dog. J. Periodontal Res. Vol. 37, Iss. 5. September 2002

Wong JK. Adjuncts to Local Anesthesia: Separating fact from fiction. J. Canadian Dent. Assoc. Vol. 67, Issue 7. 2001

Wray D, et al. Textbook of General and Oral Surgery. 1st Ed. Churchill Livingstone. 2003

Wynn RL, et. al. Drug Information Handbook for Dentistry. 9th edition. Lexi-Comp. Copyright 2003.

Zain M, et. al. Comparison of Anaesthetic Efficacy of 4% Articaine Primary Buccal Infiltration Versus 2% Lidocaine Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block in Symptomatic Mandibular First Molar Teeth. J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pak. Vol. 26, No. 1. January 2016