Reference sources used for topic Root Canals / Endodontics.
Topic created: March, 2001
Last revision / evaluation: 02/22/17
Animated-Teeth.com authorship information.
AAE (American Associatin of Endodontists). Management of Acute Pain. Endodontics Colleagues for Excellence Newsletter. Spring/Summer 1995.
AAE (American Associatin of Endodontists). Coronal Leakage. Endodontics Colleagues for Excellence Newsletter. Fall/Winter 2002.
Abbott PV. Assessing restored teeth with pulp and periapical diseases for the presence of cracks, caries
and marginal breakdown. Aust. Dent. J. Vol. 49. 2004.
Alley, B. et. al. A comparison of survival of teeth following endodontic treatment performed by general dentists or by specialists. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol. Endod. Vol. 98, No. 1. July 2004.
Al-Negrish, A. et. al. Flare up rate related to root canal treatment of asymptomatic pulpally necrotic central incisor teeth in patients attending a military hospital. J. Dent. Vol. 34, No. 9. October 2006.
American Association of Endodontists. Coronal Leakage: Clinical and Biological Implications in Endodontic Success. Endodontics: Colleagues for Excellence. Fall/Winter 2002.
Aquilino, S. et. al. Relationship between crown placement and the survival of endodontically treated teeth. J. Prosthetic Dentistry. Vol. 87, No. 3. March 2002.
Bahcall, J. Everything I Know About Endodontics I Learned After Dental School, Part 2. Dentistry Today. August, 2003; 22(8).
Balshi, T. A Patient's Guide to Dental Implants. Addicus Books. Copyright 2003.
Bergenholtz, G. et. al. Controversies in Endodontics. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. Vol. 15, No. 2. 2004.
Bompolaki D, et. al. Fracture resistance of lithium disilicate restorations after endodontic access preparation: An in vitro study. J Prosthet. Dent. Vol. 114, No. 4. October 2015.
Burry JC, et. al. Outcomes of Primary Endodontic Therapy Provided by Endodontic Specialists Compared with Other Providers. J. Endod. Vol. 42, No. 5. May 2016.
Chen SC, et. al. An epidemiologic study of tooth retention after nonsurgical endodontic treatment in a large population in Taiwan. J. Endod. Vol. 33, No. 3. March 2007.
Eliyas S, et. al. Restoration of the root canal treated tooth. Br. Dent. J. Vol. 218, No. 2. January 2015.
Elemam RF, et. al Comparison of the success rate of endodontic treatment and implant treatment. ISRN Dent. June 15 2011.
ElMubarak AHH, et. al. Postoperative Pain in Multiple-visit and Single-visit Root Canal Treatment. J. Endodontics. Vol. 36, No. 1. January 2010
Friedman, J. The Complete Guide to Dental Health: How to Avoid Being Overcharged and Overtreated. Consumer Reports Books. Copyright 2002.
Gillen B. et. all. Impact of the Quality of Coronal Restoration versus the Quality of Root Canal Fillings on Success of Root Canal Treatment: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J. of Endodontics. Vol. 37, No. 7. July 2011.
Glickman GN, et. al. Universal Classification in Endodontic Diagnosis. Decisions in Denistry. Vol. 2, No. 4. April 2016
Gomez-Polo M, et. al. A 10-year retrospective study of the survival rate of teeth restored with metal prefabricated posts versus cast metal posts and cores. J Dent. Vol. 38, No. 11. November 2010.
Green, T., et al. Radiographic and histologic periapical findings of root canal treated teeth in cadaver. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1997; 83(6).
Gulabivala K, et. al. Accreditation of postgraduate speciality training programmes in Endodontology. Minimum criteria for training Specialists in Endodontology within Europe Int. Endo. J. Vol. 43. 2010
Hargreaves K. et. al. Local anesthetic failure in endodontics: Mechanisms and Management. Endodontic Topics. Vol. 1. 2002
Heydecke G, et. al. Fracture strength and survival rate of endodontically treated maxillary incisors with approximal cavities after restoration with different post and core systems: an in-vitro study. J. of Dentistry. Vol. 29. 2001.
Hoen MM, et. al. Contemporary Endodontic Retreatments: An Analysis based on Clinical Treatment Findings. J. Endodontics. Vol. 28, No. 12. December 2002.
Iqbal A. The Factors Responsible for Endodontic Treatment Failure in the Permanent Dentitions of the Patients Reported to the College of Dentistry, the University of Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J. Clin. Diagn. Res. Vol. 10, No. 5. May 2016.
Jayakodi H, et. al. Clinical and pharmacological management of endodontic flare-up. J. Pharm. Bioallied. Sci. Vol. 4, Sup. 2. Aug 2012
Jung RE, et. al. A comparison of composite post buildups and cast gold post-and-core buildups for the restoration of nonvital teeth after 5 to 10 years. Int. J. Prosthodont. Vol. 20, No. 1. Jan-Feb 2007.
Lake, M. How to Save Your Smile and Your Wallet: Dentistry: Myths and Realities, A Patient's Guide. BookSurge Publishing. Copyright 2006.
Lazarski MP, et. al. Epidemiological evaluation of the outcomes of nonsurgical root canal treatment in a large cohort of insured dental patients. J. Endod. Number 27, Vol 12. December 2001.
Lobb WK, et. al. Endodontic treatment outcomes: Do patients perceive problems? J. Am. Dent. Assoc. Vol. 127. 1996
Lynch, C. et. al. The influence of coronal restoration type on the survival of endodontically treated teeth. Eur. J. Prosthodont. Restor. Dent. Vol. 12, No. 4. December 2004.
Marbach JJ. Is phantom tooth pain a deafferentation (neuropathic) syndrome? Part I: Evidence derived from pathophysiology and treatment. Oral Surg. Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Vol. 75, No. 1, January 1993.
Mokhtari F, et. al. Effect of Premedication with Indomethacin and Ibuprofen on Postoperative Endodontic Pain: A Clinical Trial. Iranian Endo. J. Vol. 11, No. 1. 2016
Morse D, et. al. Non surgical endodontic therapy for a vital tooth with medication hypnosis as the sole anesthetic. Am. J. Clin. Hypnosis. Vol. 21. 1979.
Mounce, R. Mothers, Pulp Lovers, and Apical Barbarians. Dentistry Today. August, 2003; 22(8).
Musikant, B., Cohen, B., and Deutsch, A. The Relationship of Post Design to the Long-Term Success of Endodontically Restored Teeth. Compendium of Continuing Dental Education in Dentistry. November, 2001; 22(11).
Nagasiri, R. et. al. Long-term survival of endodontically treated molars without crown coverage: A restrospective cohort study. J. Prosthetic Dentistry. Vol. 93, No. 2. February 2005.
Ng, Y. et. al. Outcome of secondary root canal treatment: A systematic review of the literature. Int. Endod. J. Vol. 41, No. 12. December 2008.
Nixdorf DR, et. al. Frequency of persistent tooth pain after root canal therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J. Endod. Vol. 36, No 2. February 2010.
Platt, J. and Lopez, L. A revolutionary Endodontic System for the Restorative Dentist. Contemporary Esthetics and Restorative Practice. December, 2001; 5(12).
Ramachandran Nair, P., et al. Persistent periapical radiolucencies of root-filed human teeth, failed endodontic treatments, and periapical scars. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1999; 87(5).
Raedel M, et. al. Survival of teeth treated with cast post and cores: A retrospective analysis over an observation period of up to 19.5 years. J. Prosthetic Dentistry. Vol. 114, Issue 1. July 2015.
Rosenberg, D. Nonsurgical Endodontic Re-treatment, Part 2. Dentistry Today. December 2001; 20(12).
Raedel M, et. al. Three-year outcomes of root canal treatment: Mining an insurance database. J. Dent. Vol. 43, No. 4. April 2015.
Rosenberg P. Clinical strategies for managing endodontic pain. Endodontic Topics. Vol. 3. 2002.
Sadaf D, et. al. Factors Associated with Postoperative Pain in Endodontic Therapy. Int. J. Biomedical Sci. Vol. 10, No. 4. December 2014.
Shahi S, et. al. Postoperative Pain after Endodontic Treatment of Asymptomatic Teeth Using Rotary Instruments: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Iranian Endo. J. Vol. 11, No. 1. 2016
Segura-Egea J. et. al. Pain associated with root canal treatment. Int. Endodontic J. Vol. 42. 2009.
Sonis, S. Dental Secrets, 3rd Edition. Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Copyright 2003.
Tabassum S, et. al. Failure of endodontic treatment: The usual suspects. Eur. J. Dent. Vol. 10, No. 1, Jan-Mar 2016.
Torabinejad M. et. al. In vitro bacterial penetration of coronally unsealed endodontically treated teeth. J Endod. Vol. 16, No. 12. December 1990.
Tsesis, I. et. al. Flare-ups after endodontic treatment: a meta-analysis of literature. J. Endod. Vol. 34, No. 10. October 2008.
Whitworth, J. et. al. Crowns and extra-coronal restorations: Endodontic considerations: the pulp, the root-treated tooth and the crown. British Dental Journal. Vol. 192, No. 6. March 2002.
Wildey, W. and Senia, S. Another Look at Root Canal Obturation. Dentistry Today. March 2002; 21(3).
Willershausen, B. et. al. Survival rate of endodontically treated teeth in relation to conservative vs post insertion techniques - a restrospective study. Eur. J. Med. Res. Vol. 10, No. 5. May 2005.
Wong AW, et. al. Treatment time for non-surgical endodontic therapy with or without a magnifying loupe. BMC Oral Health. 15:40 2015.
Wood KC, et. al. Resistance to fracture of two all-ceramic crown materials following endodontic access. J. Prosthet. Dent. Vol. 95, No. 1. January 2006.
Woodmansey K, et. al. The Landscape of Predoctoral Endodontic Education in the United States and Canada: Results of a Survey. J. Dent. Ed. Vol. 79, No. 8. August 2015.
Full menu for topic Root Canal Treatment. ▼
- Answers to root canal FAQ's.
- About root canals - The basics.
- The signs and symptoms of needing treatment.
- The steps of the procedure.
- Does it hurt?
- Appointment details - How many, how long?
- Endodontist vs. general dentist - Pros and cons.
- What to expect after having root canal.
- What kind of final restoration will be needed?
- What is a post & core?
- Can an existing crown be reused?
- Complications & failures - Reasons, explanations.
- Failure due to coronal leakage.
- Alternatives to root canal.
- Root canal vs. Implant.
- Treatment costs - by tooth type. / Insurance details.
- Page reference sources.